AskDefine | Define opalescence

Dictionary Definition

opalescence n : the visual property of something having a milky brightness [syn: iridescence]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

O`pal*es"cence

Noun

  1. the state of being opalescent
  2. the milky iridescent appearance of a dense transparent medium when it is illuminated by polychromatic visible radiation (such as sunlight) due to local fluctuations in its density and therefore in its refractive index

References

Extensive Definition

Opalescence is a type of dichroism seen in highly dispersed systems with little opacity. The material appears yellowish-red in transmitted light and blue in the scattered light perpendicular to the transmitted light. The phenomenon is named after the appearance of opals.
There are different degrees of opalescent behaviour. One can still see through a slightly opalescent phase. The more particles and the bigger the particles are, the stronger the scattering arising from them and the cloudier the particular phase will look. At a certain concentration the scattering is so strong that all light passing through is scattered, so that it is not transparent any more.
Examples are the blue sky in the daytime and the yellowish-red sky at sunset. Another example can be made by adding a few droplets of milk to a glass of water: the milk looks bluish. If one looks through the milk at a light source, it looks yellowish-red.
opalescence in German: Opaleszenz
opalescence in French: Opalescence
opalescence in Dutch: Opalescentie
opalescence in Japanese: 遊色効果
opalescence in Portuguese: Opalescência
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